Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neurological condition that affects the central nervous system (comprised of the brain and spinal cord). In MS, overactive immune cells cause inflammation and reduce the ability for nerve signals to travel properly. Lesions begin to develop and cause hardened scar tissue and may develop at multiple sites, disrupting the transmission of nerve signals that communicate a desired action.
People with MS can experience symptoms in various ways that affect their senses, mind, and body. Some symptoms are:
- Double vision, blurred vision, partial vision loss
- Central auditory processing impairment
- Diminished sense of smell
- Diminished or altered sense of taste
- Numbness, tingling, burning sensations, itching
- Impaired short-term memory or concentration, slower processing of information
- Depression, personality changes, inappropriate laughing or crying
- Facial pain (neuralgias), partial paralysis (Bell’s palsy), headaches, speech changes
- Muscle spasms, squeezing sensation (“MS hug”), foot drop, swallowing difficulties
- Vertigo, dizziness, balance changes
- Incontinence, constipation, urinary retention
- Tremor, weakness, fatigue, heat sensitivity, seizures
- Erectile dysfunction, diminished sensation, decreased desire
Currently, several strategies are used to determine if you have MS. This begins with a careful review of your medical history, then a neurologic exam, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), spinal fluid analysis, blood tests, and other tests. These are done to rule out other conditions.
At this time, there is no cure for MS. However, through medication and treatment, you can manage your symptoms. Consult your healthcare provider for your best treatment course.
A healthy diet habit can help MS patients manage their symptoms. Therefore, we suggest modifying your diet and incorporating daily exercise.